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December 20, 2014
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The Muncee Delawares: what they left behind in the valley

Stephan R. Woll

Thus began the 20-year process of surface collecting from that site, which produced thousands and thousands of bits and pieces mainly of broken glass, plates, cups, jugs, clay tobacco pipes, buttons, bullets, scraps and more scraps. After each trip I would separate the samples I found into lots—for example, clay jug pieces and so on—and, of course, finally (as some of these neat stories go), one day I happened to notice something unusual on the edges of some of the broken glass. There were chip marks present, the same chipping marks that are found on stone artifacts. It was at that time that I realized all the broken glass wasn’t exactly what it appeared to be. For instance, some were recycles into projectile points, scrapers, knives, punches and ornaments. This led me to examine and re-examine the rest of the materials over and over again. The research was long-term, slow, frustrating, nerve-wracking, disappointing at times, rewarding at others. The final result of all this work was to be able to add a chapter to the unwritten history of the Muncees here in the upper Delaware River Valley from the bits and pieces they left behind.