The River Reporter
Climate Challenge Worksheet
Business

Click here for notes on how this worksheet was constructed

For the month of:___________________,

A. FUEL AND ENERGY PURCHASES
  Conv.
factor*
1. GASOLINE1
Car 1 gallons19.564
Car 2 gallons 19.564
Car 3 gallons 19.564
Diesel vehicle 1 gallons 22.38
Diesel vehicle 2 gallons 22.38
Diesel vehicle 3 gallons22.38
Lawn mower gallons19.564
Snow blower gallons19.564
Employee commuting gas gallons 19.564
Other gallons 19.564
Total lbs. CO2 from gasoline
2. FUEL OIL1 gallons 22.384
3. PROPANE1 gallons12.669
4. NATURAL GAS1 100 cubic feet 14.47
5a. ELECTRICITY - NY2 KWH .796
5b. ELECTRICITY - PA2 KWH1.222
If some percentage of your electricity comes from solar, wind or other renewable sources, enter that percentage here:

B. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
1a. AIR TRAVEL - short flights3 Miles.64
1b. AIR TRAVEL - medium flights3 Miles.45
1ca. AIR TRAVEL - long flights3 Miles .39
2. BUS 4 Miles .12
3a. TRAIN - intercity 4 Miles .42
3b. TRAIN - commuter 4 Miles .35

C. WASTE DISPOSAL5
Unrecycled garbage. (Calculate average weight of one of your typical bags of unrecycled garbage. Fill in number of bags and number of pounds) Lbs/bag Number of bags 1.18

D. PAPER5
Fill in reams or packages, and pounds per ream or package. Then select the CO2 per pound factor, depending on the type of paper, from the table below and enter it in the "carbon factor" box
Paper 1 reams weight (lbs) x Factor =
Paper 2 reams weight (lbs) x Factor =
Paper 3 reams weight (lbs) x Carbon factor =
Pads 1 packages weight (lbs) x Factor =
Pads 2 packages weight (lbs) x Factor =
Pads 3 packages weight (lbs) x Factor =

Type of paperCarbon factor
0% post-consumer recycled 7.14
33% post-consumer recycled 6.06
50% post-consumer recycled 5.50
66% post-consumer recycled 5.2
100% post-consumer recycled 3.9

  (Data for Virgin and 100% from EcoPaper. Data for 33%, 50%, and 66% extrapolated)

GRAND TOTAL:

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Footnotes

*1. Gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, propane and natural gas conversion factors http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/1605/archive/gg96rpt/btabs.html The factors yield millions of metric tons of carbon per quadrillion Btus. Resulting amounts have been converted to pounds.
2. Electricity emission factors differ by state and utility. These state averages are provided by DOE at http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/environment/e-supdoc.pdf
3. Air and train travel factors found at http://www.climatecrisis.net/takeaction/carboncalculator/howitwascalculated.html
4. Bus factors were derived from ttp://www.aef.org.uk/. (Aviation Environment Federation, UK)
5. Waste. Landfill garbage produces methane as well as C02. A carbon equivalent is used here to combine the two. Matthews, E. and N. J. Themelis, Potential for reducing global methane emissions from landfills, 2000-2030, Proceedings Sardinia 2007, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy, 1-5 Oct. 2007. Sullivan County is having an electricity plant built using landfill methane; once that is done this factor should be reduced for Sullivan County residents. http://yosemite.epa.gov/oar/globalwarming.nsf/WARM?openform
6. Diet. Estimates from The Green Guide website, http://www.thegreenguide.com/doc/119/calculator. Unfortunately, they do not specify how strictly they are defining vegetarian, i.e. as vegan, vegan plus dairy, or vegan plus dairy and fish.


Notes on constructing the worksheet

In constructing the carbon emissions worksheets for households and businesses, we wanted to be as complete as possible while keeping the sheets practical to use, and the calculations on which they are based reasonably accurate.

A complete accounting of the carbon emission for which a household is responsible would include practically every dollar spent, as not only fuel but furniture, clothes, electronics and almost every good purchased and service produced results in emissions of greenhouse gases of one sort or another. However, it is not currently feasible to try to account for all the emissions connected to, say, a dress or pair of shoes that one buys in the store. In addition, there is an issue of double-counting: if the consumer is to be 田harged for the gashouse gases associated for everything he or she buys, then no emissions would be charged to businesses. Theoretically this makes sense; but for the purpose of individual entities in the society measuring their impact and taking action, this approach is not of much use.

We therefore created a separate sheet for businesses. It includes all the same categories as the household worksheet, with one exception: diet. It also has one additional category: paper.

The ideal worksheet for a business would be custom-made for that business. A construction company will engage in very different activities, with very different impacts, than a lawyer痴 office. For just one example, choices like using bamboo rather than oak for flooring probably have a net impact in terms of the earth痴 forests and their ability to absorb CO2. But to come up with custom-made worksheets for every business is obviously beyond our capability葉hough we would be happy to work with any companies that would like to take up our challenge to come up with something closer to their needs. In the meantime, paper is one item that even bricks-and-mortar companies consume in fairly large quantities, and we have therefore added it to the business sheet.

The other difference between the business and household worksheets is that we have attributed gasoline burned while commuting to the business, not the employee. This is because it is the businesses, not the employees, who are, at least sometimes, in a position to do something about it. While many businesses need employees to be physically on hand all the time, many also have at least some employees who can do their jobs from home, if not every day, then one or two days a week. Software programs now exist that make it easy for people to connect to their office computers from home and use their full capabilities. If every employer in Sullivan, Pike and Wayne counties were to take advantage of this option in those cases in which it was possible, there would be a significant drop in gasoline use in our area overnight.

If you have any suggestions to expand or modify this worksheet, or think you would like to join the challenge and would like to work on adding categories, please contact us at climatechallenge@riverreporter.com.